Monday, August 10, 2020

WGTB Schedule (Part 3)

From Arlington Public Library

More recently I found a WGTB program guide from April of 1978. This is  [LINK] It's very rare to have such a long series of college radio schedules so well documented. I'd go a step further to also state that it's even more rare that so many station alumni go on to have such notable careers. WGTB was shut down in February 1979 so there are few schedules later than this one in the stations' history.  As Guy Raz once wrote:
"If you tuned into 90.1 25 years ago, chances were you'd hear Frank Zappa calling out for "the last mortal man," to stop "the senseless destruction of America." Maybe the news was on: If it was an update on the war in Vietnam, you'd probably find out what America's "imperialist pigs" were up to in their battle against the Communist North Vietnamese "liberators." WGTB-FM was pumping in high dudgeon at 6,700 watts a 60-mile radius and Washington was listening..."

In 1978 Random Radio Hours continued with Pamela Evans, as does the The Disc Memory Show (it's 6th year). The Bruce Rosenstein Show, Mystic Eyes and The Abstraction Radio hour all continue as well. All show descriptions below are paraphrased from the 1978 WGTB program guide pictured above. [Typos corrected where possible.]

I've also discovered an archive of WGTB bootlegs here. It's an extraordinary collection of sounds from the 1970s on the  wildest of college radio stations ever to exist. It includes recordings of the Disc Memory Show, Stump Jumpers, Hard Implosion, Random Radio Hours, Radio Free Shire, Ozone Hours, In the Shadows, Mixages, Theatre of the Absurd, Friends, Sophie's Parlor, Tea Time, Germ Patrol, Abstraction, Professor Mota, Bavarian Music Works, Mystic Eyes, Dr. Progresso, the final 1979 shutdown and a slew of as yet unidentified recordings.


SUNDAY:
12:00 AM - Sunday Morning Show hosted by George Arthur, anything from John Cage to John Cale
03:00 AM - The Vinyl Underground with Jeff Bender, heavy metal with a chrome edge *This was probably the first heavy metal show ever.
06:00 AM - Hoozat with the Big 'M' with Mike Morley, Incongruous babbling combined with bottom line rock & roll Alternates biweekly with Olympic Games *Heres's Mike with George Thorogood [LINK]
06:00 AM - Olympic games with Bob Guskind, Special hangover remedy's Italian Rock, comedy classical music and progressive rock *George circulated a petition in 1978 trying to save the station.
09:00 AM - The Disc Memory Show with Alan Lee, On air since 1972, this program features oldies but goodies from the 1950s and 1960s with a heavy emphasis on Doo-Wop recordings. *Lee came from WMAX/WXDT the carrier current predecessor of WKDU at Drexel. He was later host of Doo-Wop Sounds on WPFW. More here.

12:00 PM - Summer Solstice with Myron Bretholz, Washington's only regularly scheduled program devoted to English, Irish and Sottish folk music. *Myron moved his show years later to WHFS focusing more on Celtic folk music
03:00 PM - The Bruce Rosenstein Show, A variety of rock and rock-related styles presented i n fairly short sets with a minimum of talking. *Also writer for FM Forecast.
06:00 PM - Mystic Eyes with Steve Lorber, Features regressive rock(often in true monaural with a strong emphasis on the 60's British Best sound. *Now  Co-hosting "Rock Continuum" on 94.3 WOWD-LP with John Paige. (see below)
09:00 PM - The Abstraction Radio Hours with John Paige, Music may range from Devo to Company, the psychic anchors like the Beatles or Eno will be on hand. *Now  Co-hosting "Rock Continuum" on 94.3 WOWD-LP with Steve Lorber (see above)


MONDAY
12:00 AM - The Oasis with Mary Cecile Levey, Hear music in motion energy, dancable rock n' roll... Tune in to life's soundtrack in color - Possibly the same Mary Levey who published The Infiltrator punk zine in the DC area.  But maybe that was Mary Leary [LINK]
03:00 AM - Rare Impressions with Tom Edwards, A mix of U.S. and British Punk with a thread of Blue Cheer. Elvis Presley to Elvis Costello.
06:00 AM - Eclectic Stew, This show is divided into 3 segments beginning with the Urban spaceman who takes you through a trip into electro-space music, then at 7:00 the Universal Redneck takes over with his humor and comment. at 8:00 you're joining Starving Allen who keeps you rocking 'till 9:00 *Probably named for the Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band the "I'm the Urban Spaceman"
09:00 AM - The Germ Patrol hosted by Walter Hassett, Music to brush your teeth by, featuring progressive music to soften the Monday syndrome
12:00 PM - Awareness hosted by Jimmy Ogunlana, A program covering a broad spectrum of current affairs. *A Nigerian journalist, formerly worked for the World Population Society [LINK]
12:30 PM - Halls Bar and Grill, A place to dump your hangover, tables arranged around a slaughter pit. A cup of cigars and a mound of white sugar, red meat killed to order. *A program by this name popped up on WRNR in 1997, has to be connected.
03:00 PM - Random Radio Hours hosted by Pamela Evans *Bootlegs of this program
exist!
06:00 PM - The WGTB Evening News with features including pot news, the UFO report, and others, with Anchormen Mathew Moore and Reggie Terrell.  *Famously quoted in La Hoya "In a 1978 letter to general manager John Uttenweiler, staffers Matthew Moore and Reggie Terrell wrote that, “the equipment is in such a fucked up and sorry state that we have come to the point we never thought we would."
06:30 PM - Viewpoint hosted by Dr. Gilbert Jackson, Experts in the fields of environment, energy and health explore topics ranging from solar energy to nutrition. *Jackson was a Senior Infrastructure engineer in USAID, now retired.
07:00 PM - Sequential Incidence, with Bob Kort. A blend of new musical styles from high energy to mellow, sampling the old and the new, the obscure and the familiar. *First a disc jockey, at WAER then one of the last Music Directors at WGTB. Died in 2017. [LINK]
09:30 PM - The Chameleon Hours

TUESDAY
12:00 AM - Where no Man Has Gone Before hosted by Tim Pace *Tim did some live recordings in DC (bootlegs) including this tangerine Dream show form 1977 [LINK].
03:00 AM - Magic Carpet Ride with Fred Cresce, From the highest heights obtainable while riding the carpet comes various forms of rock n' roll.
06:00 AM - #9 Dream hosted by Steve Miller. A variety of new releases, hard to find oldies, classical and clasirock [sic] with a minimum of talking. *Named for the John Lennon with The Plastic Ono Nuclear Band tune of the same name.
09:00 AM - Viewpoint hosted by Dr. Gilbert Jackson, Experts in the fields of environment, energy and health explore topics ranging from solar energy to nutrition *Jackson became a Senior Infrastructure engineer in USAID, now retired.
12:30 PM - Rock N' Roll Jukebox with Lee Michael Demsey. The show is centered around hard rock, 60s music and it's influences. *Lee had previously been on air at WAMU. He's currently on air at Bluegrass Country radio, the HD-2 channel of 88.5 WAMU. [LINK]
03:00 PM - The Second Nature Show hosted by Christopher Thompson. A program designed to connect up the fields of ideas that pervade in a subliminal fashion, the progressive music scene covering the spectrum from Lancaster-Lumley projects through Gong and Henry Cow., with the occasional rude interference from Vivian Stanshall. *A WGTB Radio Programmer and Engineer  from 1971 to 1979 [LINK]
06:00 PM - The WGTB News
06:30 PM - Open Forum, A public access program listener comments are aired live and selected letter read over the air.
07:00 PM - Bavarian Music Works with Bambi Evans *Formerly host of Sparking Pace
09:00 PM - Giant steps hosted by Ken Steiner. Undiluted and non-commercial , pure acoustic sound/rhythm is presented from 60 years of recorded history. refresh yourself with the music that speaks to now-spontaneous music labeled as jazz. *Named for the legendary jazz LP Giant steps by John Coltrane from 1960.  Ken Steiner fled to WPFW, and became a very notable and multiply published expert on the career of Duke Ellington.


WEDESDAY
12:00 AM - Fever Dreams with Dave Scalzi. How I crawled from M street to Georgetown University with the flesh peeling from my hands and knees and by blood freezing to the very ground where I lay in an ecstasy of agony... *Also co-host of Collective State of Quack [LINK]
03:00 AM - In The Shadows with Geoffrey Blumenauer. A mixture of the finest blends of local music including unreleased tapes and rare local recordings of artists.
06:00 AM - Sun Ship with John Kordalewski. A presentation of the entire tradition of contemporary African-American Music *Presently pianist for the Makanda Project [LINK]
09:00 AM - This Music Business hosted by Jerry O'Rourke. Selections from the long and varied tradition of the blues: old timey, recent and revival recordings.
12:00 PM - The Lost Half Hour with Erika Stokes, Radio for Children, ages 5-10 blending traditional and contemporary stories, poetry and songs. *I think this is Erika Stokes née Hartmann, wife of W. Royal Stokes [LINK]
12:30 PM  - Sunburst with Jeff Cantor. The ever -optimistic cantor will assuage your unhappiness with soothing jazz in styles ranging from pop/rock to very progressive.
03:00 PM - The Germ Patrol with Walter Hassett. Germ warfare presented in stereo. Up tempo biological experimentations in the rock mode.
06:00 PM - The WGTB Evening News
06:30 PM - Since Minton's with Royal Stokes. A program of modern Jazz from the 1940s to the present. Frequent interviews with musicians book reviews and a run-down of local jazz events.  *Hosted by author W. Royal Stokes! The show name is probably a reference to Minton's Playhouse, a Harlem jazz club founded by saxophonist Henry Minton in 1938. Closed in 1974. (reopened 2006)
09:00 PM - The Abstraction Radio Hours with John Paige, Music may range from Devo to Company, the psychic anchors like the Beatles or Eno will be on hand. *Now  Co-hosting "Rock Continuum" on 94.3 WOWD-LP with Steve Lorber (see above)

THURSDAY
12:00 AM - The Gnome Hours hosted by Ace Pace. Heavy Emphasis on synthesizer such as tangerine Dream, Kraftwerk Time Blake Electrophon and Vangelis. *Totally obscure. I want to hear this.
03:00 AM - Mad Dog Promenade, hosted by Tom Danaher. A frenzied configuration of early morning musical madness. Making regular appearances of early morning musical madness. *Named for the Bruce Springsteen tune. Springsteen played two shows at Georgetown University on 3/3/74 both simulcast on WGTB. Unrelated, was also the name of writer Jon Chaisson's radio show [LINK].
06:00 AM - This Music Business with Jerry O'Rourke, A morning radio program devoted to the need for be-bop, boogie and jive. *There was another Jerry O'Rourke at WDCV in 1977... I do wonder if it's the same fellow.
09:00 AM - Pugsley Dog Radio Hours with David Howcroft In keeping with the fine tradition of art-rock established by Prof. Mota in this time slot, this show keeps a similar style while introducing more new wave material. *Howcroft and Skip Groff compiled the LP ":30 seconds over D.C. Here comes the New Wave" [LINK] You can read an interview here [LINK]
12:00 AM - Cars and Consumers hosted by Archie Richardson. This program features controversial topics of interest of vehicle consumers such as sales, and service ripoffs, insurance and finance problems, and the warranty dilemma. *Archie was head of the nonprofit  Automobile Owners Action Council (AOAC). they mediated disputes between consumers and car dealers.
01:00 PM - All Weather Music with David Findley. This music is picked for the strength, honesty or ingeniousness or emotional expression for the joy of a riff or a peculiar sound. Rock and roll meat and potatoes are seasoned with mood music.
03:00 PM - The Second Nature Show hosted by Christopher Thompson. *See Tuesday above
06:00 PM - The WGTB Evening News
06:30 PM -  Tea Time with Mark Garbin. ECM, Electronic Jazz, British music and Monty Python. Where Heiz Baked Beans, Radio London and Rock Historiography join in bliss for you very own personal freedom infringement.
09:00 PM - Take One, local musicians perform live from Sounds Reasonable studios *Later was the source of live sets for WHFS. Operated through at least 1979. Owned by Fred Wygal
10:00 PM - Slow Dazzle with Myron Bretholz. Dedicated to the proposition that good taste is timeless, the intruder gently placed his hand on her radio dials, that all men are created equal . and to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. *Hosted by Myron of the Summer Solstice  show on Sundays. But this does not sound like a folk show.


FRIDAY

12:00 AM - Theatre of the Absurd with Joe Zapotski. A synthesis of efforts both hard  power chord rockers and existential creators.
03:00 AM - Spontaneous Emissions with Tom Boyce. A smorgasbord of musical styles ranging from country to space music with some comedy for good measure. *Spontaneous emission is the process in which a quantum mechanical system transits from an excited energy state to a lower energy state. I like to think that Boyce was a physical major.
06:00 AM - The National Pike Show A blend of progressive rock music and comedy in a format designed to help wake you up to face Friday's day.
09:00 AM - Baroque and Roll with Marc Fare. Blending classical with progressive rock and comedy for a unique mix of mostly mellow morning madness. *Runner up for Program Director in 1974. Losing to Royal stokes ain't bad.
12:00 PM - Speakeasy Hosted by Ken Rothschild. A listener call-in show discussing broad social and political topics
01:00 PM - Mixages with Jamil Guellal and Scott Copley. A program which features the rock, jazz and fusion music of France. *More here and here!
03:30 PM - The Dr. Progresso Show. The Good doctor plays progressive music of all types and styles and eras from the progressive jazz of 20 and 30 years ago to the progressive pop of the 60s and the progressive rock of this decade.  *You can hear bootlegs here!!!  He relocated to WAMU in 1978.
06:00 PM - The WGTB Evening News
06:30 PM - Quadraphenia with Euclid Coukouma. *With a name like that, this has to be the same Euclid Coukouma who was a DJ at WCWM, then an engineer at WOOK, WLPL and presently NBC.
09:00 PM - The Hard Implosion with Fred Cresce. Some good Party Music to end the week with the accent on the Heavy Metal and just plain good old rock & roll. Please have plenty of fuses handy. *Also host of Magic Carpet Ride

SATURDAY
12:00 AM - Indoor Games with Edward Bielaus. An Anarchistic conceptualization of uncompromising experimental sounds and humor which draws from a unique selection of musics with avant-garde and progressive compositions or elements. 
03:00 AM - Moonshine Madness with Alan Baxley, an eclectic fusion of rock, space rock, humor, jazz and some things that can't be classified.
06:00 AM - Toads in Limestone hosted by Tom Moore. Features progressive music, often accompanied by the New York City Zoo and various other oddities. *Today Tom is the Director of Arts and Culture at the University of Maryland, Baltimore (UBMC)
08:30 - Lost Half Hour with Erika Stokes, Radio for Children, ages 5-10 blending traditional and contemporary stories, poetry and songs. *I think this is Erika Stokes née Hartmann, wife of W. Royal Stokes [LINK]
09:00 - I Thought I heard Buddy Boulden Say... - classic jazz & blues from the 20's, 30's and 40's. with history & commentary provided by Royal. *Named for a tune by Jelly Roll Morton, but hosted by author W. Royal Stokes!
12:00 PM - La Cultura en Washington, produced by Vincente Guerra, Head of Hispanic-American Culture of the Department the show focused on Hispanic-American music, literature and culture.
12:30 PM - Metamorphosis with Jennifer Boozer, music that recycles the mind, jazz, blues and reggae.
03:00 PM - Fascination with Michael Hogan. Where the clouds breathe easy, rock max hybrid spatial blessing. The length of an east interior resounding, hammer to anvil with the love of sound upon sound. *Aforementioned writer for FM Forecast
06:00 PM - Buzzball hosted by Kevin Lanigan. A trip which touches four sides of the double-edged razor. *On air since 1974, you have to wonder when he's going to graduate.
09:00 PM - Random Radio Continued with Pamela Evans. Take 1 person, several wild turkeys, 2 turntables, 1 microphone, several bottles of coca-cola; mix liberally with esoteric and not-so-esoteric brew. Add listener enthusiasm and allow to cook for 3 hours. *Possibly the same Pam Evans that was chief engineer at WGMS in 1973.


Friday, July 31, 2020

WGTB Schedule (Part 2)


Georgetown University fired station man­ager Ken Sleeman in December of 1975 trying to purge the liberals, hippies and other radicals from the station. God forbid that gay people exist or that races intermarry. Nixon's impeachment hearing began in the Spring of 1974 and conservatives were feeling vengeful. I do believe that mood led to the administration's attack on WGTB over the course of the following year.

When we fast forward to the WBGT schedule of January 1976 we see a surprising number of consistent programs. Multiple semesters have passed and the programming has not changed wildly.

Some programs did change time slots, but they may also be pre-recorded. Other programs continued with the same hosts in the same slots and yet others continued with new hosts and of course some new programs debut. helpfully some show notations help fill in the names of hosts and co-hosts from years earlier.

Gone is the Brass Monkey Show, Skip Pizzi presumably graduated.  Keyboard Filter, Radio Free shire, Disk Memory and Spiritus Cheese all continue as do the LBGT programs: Friends, Sophie's Parlor, and the Feminist Radio Network. The schedule below is from January of 1976, again sourced from FM Forecast. At the time Georgetown University is publicly debating the future of the station.


MONDAY
06:00 PM - Quadrophenia - w/Euclid, Quad segment using the SQ & QS systems
09:00 PM - Wet Pages - Maria Enrico & others read contemporary literary works *Maria is presently the Chair of the Modern Languages Department at Manhattan Community College
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire - w/ Prof Mota *aka Leo del Aguila, former music director
11:45 AM - Midday Alternative News
12:00 PM - Feminist Radio Network/Sophie's Parlor Present - More here.
12:30 PM - Sophie's Parlor - More here.
03:30 PM - Spiritus Cheese Natural Rhythm Show - More here
06:00 PM - Them & Us - A weekly labor show featuring information about issues affecting working people *possibly connected to the book of the same title
07:00 PM - Two Hours From Taurus -  w/ Geri Mellow synthesized specialties etc.
09:30 PM - Bead Intervals with Marty, interesting music & occasional spoken word
12:00 AM - The Abnormal Radio Hours - w/ Mike Hogan *Aforementioned writer for FM Forecast

TUESDAY
06:00 AM - Sparking Pace - Progressive music with Bambi Evans *Bootlegs of this program
exist!
09:00 AM - Open Forum
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire -w/ Jude
11:30 AM - Midday Alternative News
12:00 PM - Living For the City - w/ John Barber: issues of interest to the black community *John Barber made the move to WPFW and stayed there through at least 1985
12:30 PM - Court of  Miracles - Music with pep
03:30 PM - Spiritus Cheese - More here
06:00 PM - Friends - More here.
06:30 PM - Evening Alternative News
07:00 PM - Random Radio Hours - Pamela Evans, progressive music *Possibly the same Pam Evans that was chief engineer at WGMS in 1973.
09:30 PM - Black Fire w/ Jimmy Gray *Later had shows on WHUR and WPFW. He was a promoter, distributor and, record label owner. He needs a biography. LINK
12:00 AM - Clark Kent & Collective State of Quack LINK

WEDNESDAY
06:00 AM - At Home, At Work, At Play
09:00 AM - Catalyst - Produced by G.U. Campus Ministry, Host is Fr. Bob Rokusek, S.J. *Bob went on to perform interfaith marriages in the early 80s. More here
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire -w/Geri
11:45 AM - Midday Alternative News
12:00 PM - Watchdog - for consumers with Lenore Pomerante
12:30 PM - Early Afternoon - w/ Skip  *Skip Pizzi?
03:30 PM - Spiritus Cheese  *More here
06:00 PM - Interface - Public affairs  *More here.
06:30 PM - Evening Alternative News
07:00 PM - Sophies Parlor - More here.
09:30 PM - Abstraction Show - with John Paige *Now  Co-hosting "Rock Continuum" on 94.3 WOWD-LP with Steve Lorber
12:00 PM - Keyboard Filter Show/ Jonathan Eberhardt *Eberhardt was an  award-winning aerospace writer who also was a folk singer. He died in 2003. More here.


THURSDAY
06:00 AM - At the Risk Of Seeming Tired w/ David Selvin: Polka Music, traffic & sports *He was "indefinitely suspended" for airing a bootleg recording of William Burroughs in 1975. [LINK] Locally known author and painter, he went on to produce his program at WPFW after the shutdown. He died in 2010.
09:00 AM - Phenomena - Howard Goltz explores the paraphysical world
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire w/Jim features astrological forecast, live local artists & progressive morning music
11:45 AM -  Midday Alternative News
12:00 PM - Critique - Geri Calkins & Ruth Stenstrom critical reviews of plays movies books, art & interviews with authors, actors & playwrights *Geri was also a "staff administrative assistant [LINK] Ruth is an Art Therapy Director today [LINK]
12:30 PM -Thoughts on a Grey Day - progressive music w/ Mike Cullen *Cullen was one of the signers of the "Too Valuable to Lose" letter to La Hoya  in 1978. More here.
03:30 PM - Spiritus Cheese Natural Rhythm Show- with Mark Gorbulew featuring live interviews nat'l and local recordings artists plus progressive jazz - More here
06:00 PM - Open Forum - Public Access program, listener comments are aired live & selected letters from listeners are read over air.
06:30 PM - Evening Alternative News
07:00 PM - Tea Time w/ Mark Garbin, progressive music
09:00 PM - Take One - Local & national musicians perform live from Sounds Reasonable Studios *Later was the source of live sets for WHFS. Operated through at least 1979. Owned by Fred Wygal
09:30 PM - What is Reality? - Ken Sleeman *Former station manager, may or may not have been doing the show at this point in time.
12:00 AM - Me & the Animals w/ Bill Sacks, progressive music

FRIDAY
06:00 AM - At the Risk Of Seeming Tired 
09:00 AM - Bread & Roses - arts & social & Political values
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire w/ Mike Queen
11:30 AM - Midday Alternative News
12:00 PM - Speakeasy - w/ Ken Rothschild: public affairs phone-in show on current social topics
01:00 PM - Mzz Frizzz Presentzzzz - Folk Country, blues, jazz & rock
03:30 PM - Spiritus Cheese Natural Rhythm Show - More here
06:00 PM - Interface - More here.
06:30 PM - Evening Alternative News
07:00 PM - Quadrophenia with Euclid - Quad segment using the SQ & QS systems
09:00 PM - Horror Show - Prof Mota presents progressive modd music Mota *aka Leo del Aguila, former music director
12:00 AM - Positivity  - w/ Eric Small: music from the black scene *Small started at WGTB in 1973, and appeared in La Hoya with co-host Dan Hayes with a program called "Flight Time."

SATURDAY
06:00 AM - The Too Early on Saturday Show - Prog. Music
08:30 AM - Taking Time for Children w/ Eleanor Hickey & space cadets: music stories & poetry *Hickey stayed on and became Promotion Director in 1977
09:00 PM - I Thought I heard Buddy Boulden Say... - classic jazz & blues from the 20's, 30's and 40's. with history & commentary provided by Royal. *Named for a tune by Jelly Roll Morton, but hosted by author W. Royal Stokes!
12:00 PM - Feminist Radio Network - More here.
12:30 PM - Sophie's Parlor - music & information *More here.
03:30 PM - Magascene w/ Skip
06:00 PM - Friends -  A program about gay people in Wash. area.*More here.
07:00 PM - Ozone Hours - w/ Earendil , Prog. music plus 
09:00 PM - The Hard Implosion - w/ Fred Cresce Prog. rock *Hosted by Jeff Bender and Fred Cresce, program started in 1975. Arguably a precursor to the first metal programs.
09:30 PM - Firesign Theatre radio series, Dear Friends *Dear Friends was a live radio program performed on KPFK. There were 21episodes aired between Sept.16th, 1970 and Feb. 17th, 1971
12:00 PM - Corpus Callosum - Ken Moss & Rich Stevens features classical / progressive rock combinations

SUNDAY
06:00 AM - Morning Modulations - Progressive Music w/ Frank Tolin *Frank was later the engineer for the After Hours" program on WGMS.
09:00 AM - The Disk Memory Show - Host Alan Lee plays features collector items from the formative years of rock & roll plus interviews with personalities of the era 1955 - 1962. *Lee came from WMAX/WXDT the carrier current predecessor of WKDU at Drexel. He was later host of Doo-Wop Sounds on WPFW. More here.

12:00 PM - The Stump Jumpers Revisited - w/ Greg Barrett, Country rock , C&W, Bluegrass, R&R, Jazz plus prose & poetry readings *Pianist, organist, singer and songwriter  More here.
03:00 PM - Big Empty Space - with John Strider, rock & country rock *Also hosted he Cosmic Burnout show and the Galactic Mindfuck Show
06:00 PM - Eclectic Brew - w/ Peter Barry Chowk.
09:00 PM - The Abstraction Show - with John Page, progressive music
12:00 AM - Mystic Eyes - w/ Steve Lorber, English music of the 60's, Punk Rock & rock music origins *Now  Co-hosting "Rock Continuum" on 94.3 WOWD-LP with John Paige

Monday, July 27, 2020

WGTB Schedule (Part 1)

Scan by Andrew Ratliff
I was reading a few back issues of the magazine FM Forecast on the marvelous website American Radio History and happened upon some entries for WGBT. Now WGBT began as an AM station, the FM license was only granted in about 1960. Nonetheless the issues of FM Forecast I have read from 1969 do not include the WGBT schedule. Though it does include WAMU, WBJC and WHFS. in addition to the popular commercial FMs. By 1970 that list also included WETA and WGTS but still no WGBT. More here.

Then in March of 1974... there it is. The bridge between Fm Forecast and WGBT was almost certainly the "popular music" aka Progressive Music review section of FM Forecast. Contributing authors included: Ray Bobo, Michael Hogan, and Bruce Rosenstein. Hogan was host of Abnormal radio hours and Bruce was host of the eponymous Bruce Rosenstein Show' both on WGBT.  Ray Bobo might be "E. Ray Bobo" who is named in the great Monty Hall debacle with Marilyn vos Savant.[LINK]

I have pieced together some program descriptions from the March & April issues and a lot of research. Then like now college radio schedules tend to change by the semester.

MONDAY
06:00 AM - Quadrophenia with Euclid - Quad segment using the SQ & QS systems
09:00 AM -  Alternative News
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire - with Earendil & Barlow T. Shagnasty: features a calendar of events, progressive music
12:00 PM - Sophies Parlor -  Feminist music & info for women & men - More here.
02:30 PM - Radio Free Women - Discussion of Women's issues - More here.
03:15 PM - Spiritus Cheese - with Josh Brooks and Mark Gorbulew,  Live interviews with local & nat'l recordings artists *refugees from WHFS
06:00 PM - Alternative News
06:30 PM - Interface - Local issues explored in depth
07:00 PM - Brass Monkey show - music with Skip Pizzi. *Yes, this is the same Skip Pizzi that's at NAB. More here.
09:00 PM - Pacifica evening News / Craig Siegenthaler Show, progressive music

TUESDAY
06:00 AM - The Tom O'Brien Show, progressive music
09:00 AM - Alternative News
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire
12:00 PM - The Bruce Rosenstein Show, progressive music *Also writer for FM Forecast.
02:30 PM - The Place, Community Programming with Marie Nahikian. *Nahikian was one of the founders of WPFW. Currently host of The Usable Past podcast. More here.
06:00 PM -  Alternative News
06:30 PM - Friends, gay people in action More here.
07:00 PM - The Random Radio Hours - Pamela Evans *Possibly the same Pam Evans that was chief engineer at WGMS in 1973.
09:00 PM - Pacifica Evening News / J. Garvin Walsh Memorial Program - prog. music
12:00 AM - The Abnormal Radio Hours, Progressive music with Michael Hogan & Count Twelve.  *Michael Hogan also wrote for FM Forecast.

WEDNESDAY
06:00 AM - The Tom O'Brien Show *Tom ran for class president in 1973
09:00 AM - Alternative News
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire
12:00 PM - The Mark Garbin Show, progressive music
02:30 PM - Fireside Flak - with Edward Glynn, S.J: discussion with prominent Georgetown University personalities. *More here
03:15 PM - Spiritus Cheese
06:00 PM - Alternative News
06:30 PM - The Post Meridian Show  *alternates with The People Show with John Wilson
07:00 PM - The Reasonable Rich Show
09:00 PM - Pacifica Evening News / The Abstraction Show - with John Page *Sometimes spelled Paige.
12:00 PM - Keyboard Filter Show - Experimental, ethnic & electronic music with analysis & historical perspective by Scott Sommers & Jonathan Eberhardt. Guest hostess Mary Cliff. *Eberhardt was an  award-winning aerospace writer who also was a folk singer. He died in 2003. More here. Mary Cliff went on to DJ the folk program 'Traditions' which was on WETA,  WAMU and WERA-LP at different times. She's also been on WAVA and WHFS. More here.

THURSDAY 
06:00 AM - David  Selvin Show, progressive music, poetry & commentary listeners are invited to telephone 625-4237
09:00 AM -  Alternative News
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire 
12:00 PM - Mike Cullen Show, progressive music
02:30 PM - Critique - Interviews with playwrights, authors & actors performing in Wash. area.
03:15 PM - Spiritus Cheese
06:00 PM -  Alternative News
06:30 PM - Interface *Hosted by Bob Roher
07:00 PM - Progressive Music
09:00 PM - Pacifica Evening News /Bead Intervals with Marty Kurcias *I think Kurcias is the gentleman who became an engineer at
12:00 AM - The Abnormal Radio Hours

FRIDAY
06:00 AM - The Kevin Lanigan Show, progressive music
09:00 AM - Alternative News
09:30 AM - Radio Free Shire - with Earendil & Barlow T .Shagnasty: features a calendar of events, progressive music  *Earendil is the name of a fictional elf in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien
12:00 PM - The Bruce Rosenstein Show
02:30 PM - Watchdog - Consumer affairs program
05:30 PM -  Alternative News
06:00 PM - Open Forum - Community Access program, telephone calls accepted concerning the operation of WGTB-FM
07:00 PM - The Cosmic Burnout show - with Strider 7-8 PM in Quadrophonic, using the SQ & QS matrix systems *Also called the Galactic Mindfuck Show
09:00 PM - Pacifica evening News / Boogie for a Friday
12:00 AM - Margaret Mead Presents - Chris Zinn & Chris Thompson

SATURDAY
06:00 AM - The Tom O'Brien Show
08:30 AM - Take Time for Children
09:30 AM - Medicated Goo Show *Probably named for the song of the same title by the band Traffic
12:00 PM - Sophies Parlor - More here.
02:30 PM - Radio Free Women - More here.
03:15 PM - Geri Calkins Show *Calkins later did segments at WPFW, now married to Skip Pizzi
06:00 PM - Evening Alternative News 
06:30 PM - Friends - More here.
07:00 PM - Andi Fishman's Show
12:00 PM - Corpus Callosum - Ken Moss & Rich Stevens *Ken Moss also a writer for The Hoya. More here.

SUNDAY
06:00 AM - The Jill Shapiro Show - progressive music
09:00 AM - The Disk Memory Show - Host Alan Lee plays music from the 50's and early 60's *Lee came from WMAX/WXDT the carrier current predecessor of WKDU at Drexel. He was later host of Doo-Wop Sounds on WPFW. More here.
12:00 PM - The Stump Jumpers Sit-In - Country Rock with Tex & Greg .*Also the name of an unrelated program on WUNH.
03:00 PM - I Thought I heard Buddy Boulden Say... - Host Royal Plays blues & jazz from the 30's and 40's. *Named for a tune by Jelly Roll Morton, but hosted by author W. Royal Stokes!
06:00 PM - The Jerky John Show - progressive music
09:00 PM - The Abstraction Show - progressive music with John Page
12:00 AM - The Abnormal Showcase - great orchestral music from Germany

Monday, July 20, 2020

The People's Information Slot

 The book Airwaves of New York makes a passing reference to the Black Panther party having its own radio program on WLIB-AM in 1969, "The People's Information Slot." There are few corroborating references. But WLIB has long been regarded as the ''Voice of Harlem.'' In 1971, WLIB became the city's first black-owned radio station, and the crown jewel of Inner City Broadcasting Corporation. But it's worth noting that it was already using the slogan ''The Voice of the Negro Community.'' in the 1940s, three decades before it was black-owned.  So the claim is apocryphal, but not implausible.

My corroborating source turned out the be the U.S. government document: Black Panther Party: Hearings Before the Committee on Internal Security. They held hearings on the Panthers which via the U.S. Government Printing Office produced about 5,00 pages of documents in 1970. Page 2811 has one juicy tidbit. It reads:
"The Panthers announced that they would begin broadcasting their own weekly radio program on July 5, 1969. over the New York radio station WLIB. The 30-minute show was to be aired each Saturday from 8:15 to 9:15 p.m. and would be entitled "People's Information Slot." Although a sponsor was not identified, the announcement stated that "the show would not be unsponsored. Guests scheduled to be on the first program were Don Cox, Field Marshall of the Black Panther party, and Zayed Shakur, a deputy minister of information in New York. " 

The source cited there is The Washington Star Newspaper, July 21st, 1969. [LINK] It's difficult to find any information on this radio show. But the New York Daily News also mentioned the debut of the program on July 5, 1969, repeating much other above but adding that the guests will include attorney Arthur Turco. the wording is so similar they both probably draw form the same press-release. There are no further press mentions of the radio program that I've ever found. These three names are all way have to "box in" the end of the program if indeed it continued past July 5th.

The Black Panther Party (BPP) was founded in October 1966 in Oakland, CA. While none of those three guests was among the founders of the party, they were all of relatively high stature either internally, or publicly.

Don Cox joined the group in 1967, and received the title of "Field Marshal" in 1968. Cox was a natural leader within the organization. In 1970 he was invited to speak to guests at a gathering hosted by Leonard Bernstein and his wife Felicia at their posh penthouse apartment on the Upper East Side.  The writer Tom Wolfe described the politics of the event as "Radical Chic" in New York magazine. Cox was there to raise funds for the defense Black Panther members who were charged with conspiracy. That same year Cox was charged in the murder of a possible informant named Eugene Anderson in Baltimore. He fled to Algeria and resigned from the BPP in 1971. 

Zayd Shakur is probably better known today as the uncle of rapper Tupac Shakur. He was the deputy minister of information nominally under Eldridge Cleaver. In 1969 the "Panther 21" case arrested many BPP leaders in New York chapters but Shakur was not indicted. (eventually defendants were acquitted) Different articles in the 1970s list him with slightly different titles, but in a 2017 statement Sundiata Acoli referred to him as the Minister of Information for the Bronx, NY BPP chapter. That may have been a later higher rank closer to 1973. Shakur himself was killed in a shoot-out with New Jersey police in 1973.

Arthur Turco Jr. was definitely the guest and not the host. Nonetheless he is known to have defended members of the Black Panther Party in across the country. After Eugene Anderson's skeleton was discovered in Leakin Park in Baltimore, MD in October of 1969, Turco and others were charged with conspiracy to murder. A warrant was issued for Turco's arrest on April 29th, 1970. After a mistrial, Turco plead guilty to misdemeanor assault to avoid a lengthy prison sentence. His co-defendants were not so lucky. More here.

It seems highly likely from the name of the program, "People's Information Slot" that Zayd Shakur was the host of the program. Cox and Turco were probably guests. From his death in 1973 we have a firm latest possible date. But I think that it's more likely the show ended much earlier. In April of 1969 twenty-one Black Panther members were indicted. The BPP couldn't afford bail on so many members simultaneously, so most were stuck at Rikers. The loss of so many members, was probably a strain on the organization. A resource-intensive side project like a radio program, probably had to be sacrificed.

Monday, July 13, 2020

American Labor Party Radio Broadcasts of 1950


You can be forgiven if you have never heard of the American Labor Party (ALP). It was established in 1936, splitting from the Socialist Party of America (SPA). It's political activity was almost exclusively limited to the state of New York. In 1956, the party was terminated by its New York state committee. So unless you are a New Yorker, and over the age of 65, you'd have to read a lot of history to bump into the ALP.  (Note the SPA only existed from 1899 - 1972)


In 1948, the ALP wasn't going to support Harry Truman. So they backed Progressive Party candidate Henry A. Wallace. Wallace won a whopping 2.4% of the vote, which was more than Teddy Roosevelt, but also obviously a loss for the Progressive Party and the ALP. However, they re-elected Vito Marcantonio in the United States House of Representatives. They also elected Leo Isacson to fill a vacant seat in a Bronx district but lost in the general election that November. Let's take a look at the candidates.

Candidates:
  • W. E. B. DuBois for U.S. Senate 
  • Vito Marcantonio for U.S. Senate  
  • Janet Scott, for U.S. Senate  
  • Dr. Clementina Paolone, for Lieutenant Governor
  • John T. "Jack" McManus, for NY State Governor
  • Frank Scheiner, NY State Attorney General 
  • Paul L. Ross, for NYC Mayor
  • Michael Jiminez, for Comptroller
  • Harriet Wolff, for State Assembly
  • Dorothy Bloom, for State Assembly
  • Frances Smith, for State Assembly
  • Scott K. Gray, Jr.,
  • Nicola Rossi 

The problem might have been the Communists. The Communist Party USA openly endorsed the Progressive Party. By connection, some of the ALP staff were Marxists, and some Progressive Party candidates that the ALP supported were alleged communists. Notably among them was Lee Pressman who was not allegedly a communist. He was exposed in 1948 by HUAC as a paid spy for Soviet intelligence. Lee was a member of the Progressive Party (not the ALP) but the stink was smeared all over the left-wing parties during the red scare. Nonetheless the ALP ran real candidates in 1950, even if things were looking grim. The State of New York even managed to kick Wolff, Gray, Rossi and Bloom off the ballot before election day. More here and here.

By October The candidates were getting on-air to promote their campaigns. You can see that not all the candidates hit the airwaves. Wolff, Gray, Rossi and Bloom were already gone. DuBois appeared the most often, but Ross and Paolone were able to make multi-lingual appeals. Most appearances were on WMCA even though WEVD, was literally founded by the Socialist Party of America. But The Jewish Daily Forward had taken an increasing control over programming moving the station toward the center. According to Nathan Godfried's oft-cited but rarely read text, Legitimizing the Mass Media Structure, the SPA at least had turned to NBC and other channels to make its political message heard. 

There is little to corroborate most of the appearances listed on the schedule. But the DuBois appearances are well-documented, with audio, video and even personal papers known in the DuBois Papers held at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst [LINK]. But the below list is not complete. DuBois own papers include a speech by candidate Frances Smith given at WMCA on October 27th.




DATECALLSTIMECANDIDATE
10-09-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM  Dr. W. E. B DuBois
10-12-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM  John T. "Jack" McManus
10-15-1950 WEVD 3:00 - 3:15 PM  Paul L. Ross (Yiddish)
10-16-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM  Paul L. Ross
10-19-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM Dr. W. E. B DuBois
10-22-1950 WEVD  3:00 - 3:15 PM  Paul L. Ross (Yiddish)
10-22-1950 WOR 9:15 - 9:30 PM DuBois & McManus
10-23-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM McManus & Dr. Paolone
10-25-1950 WMCA 7:30 - 7:45 PM Cong. Vito Marcantonio
10-26-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM Dr. W. E. B DuBois
10-29-1950 WEVD 3:00 - 3:15 PM  Paul L. Ross (Yiddish)
10-29-1950 WHOM 4:00 - 4:15 PM  Dr. Clementina Paolone (Italian)
10-30-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM Paul L. Ross
10-31-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM Dr. Clementina Paolone
11-01-1950 WMCA 8:30 - 8:45 PM Jack McManus
11-02-1950 WMCA 7:30 - 7:45 PM Cong. Vito Marcantonio
11-03-1950 WMCA 9:30 - 9:45 PM Dr. W. E. B DuBois
11-05-1950 WEVD 3:00 - 3:15 PM  Paul L. Ross (Yiddish)
11-05-1950 WHOM 4:00 - 4:15 PM  Dr. Clementina Paolone (Italian)
11-05-1950 WJZ 6:45 - 7:00 PM  McManus & Dr. Paolone
11-06-1950 WMCA 9:15 - 10:00 PM DuBois, McManus, Ross &  Paolone

By the 1950s, the ALP had lost much of its support to the rival Liberal Party of New York, in part because of accusations of communist influence in the ALP.  In the end, most of the Republican ticket was elected. Only the incumbent U.S. Senator, Herbert H. Lehman [D], managed to retain his seat. DuBois only won 3.93% of the vote for the U.S. Senate, losing out to incumbent Herbert H. Lehman [D], and trailing well behind Joe R. Hanley [R].

The New York stations they appeared on are an interesting mix: WMCA, WEVD, WHOM, WJZ and WOR. There are easily dozen large New York City AM stations which were on air in 1950. My guess is that they focused their budget on Manhattan.

There were also Television broadcastsbut all of them were on WPIX. WPIX-TV only signed on in 1948 as Channel 11(VHF.)  From 1948 to 1965, WPIX produced Three Star News, a 6:30pm newscast that ran for half an hour. So the speeches would have aired shortly afterward.

DATECALLSTIMECANDIDATE
10-08-1950 WPIX 7:15 - 8:00 PM Dr. W. E. B DuBois
10-15-1950 WPIX 7:15 - 8:00 PM Dr. Clementina Paolone
10-22-1950 WPIX 7:15 - 8:00 PM Paul L. Ross

The sheet also had a section for their Upstate radio schedule. (below) Not all of these statison even exist anymore. WXKW operated on 850 kHz from 1948–1953 signing off after litigation around some engineering issues. Sounded the same year was 1150 WRUN in Utica. They changed calls to WUTI after a sale in 2008. 590 WROW was founded in 1947, still on air today they switched from Mututal to ABC in 1950. WEVT there is a typo, that has to be 1280 WVET, which also which also launched in 1947. They kept those calls until 1961, currently they are WHKT. 950 WARC also was founded that year, they changed calls to WBBF in 1953. 1260 WNDR predates them by one year, starting in 1946 just like 1450 WKAL in Utica. 620 WAGE started in 1941, and flipped the calls to WHEN after a sale in 1954.

DATE CALLS CITY TIME CANDIDATE
10-22-1950 WROW Albany 9:15 - 9:30 PM  DuBois & McManus
10-22-1950 WEBR  Buffalo 9:15 - 9:30 PM  DuBois & McManus
10-22-1950 WEVT Rochester 9:15 - 9:30 PM  DuBois & McManus
10-22-1950 WNDR Syracuse 9:15 - 9:30 PM  DuBois & McManus
10-22-1950 WKAL Utica-Rome 9:15 - 9:30 PM  DuBois & McManus
11-05-1950 WXKW Albany 6:45 - 7:00 PM Paolone & McManus
11-05-1950 WKBW Buffalo 6:45 - 7:00 PM Paolone & McManus
11-05-1950 WARC Rochester 6:45 - 7:00 PM Paolone & McManus
11-05-1950 WAGE Syracuse 6:45 - 7:00 PM Paolone & McManus
11-05-1950 WRUN Utica-Rome 6:45 - 7:00 PM Paolone & McManus

It appears that 970 WEBR was the most established station on the upstate list, having signed on in 1924. Those calls moved to 1440 in 2012, and the 970 stick became WDCZ. They even predate 1380 WKBW which was founded in 1926, they had been on 1520 kHz for decades even by this broadcast in the fall of 1950. So here we see old stations, new stations... just what appears to be a budget-driven slice of the radio dial. Charitably one could argue that by design, a random looking selection might represent a random selection of the electorate. So I consulted the Mighty Fybush, and even he agreed it appeared to be "stations where you could buy a block of time inexpensively."

After the 1950 drubbing, the ALP regrouped and in 1952, they endorsed Progressive Party candidate Vincent Hallinan for President and Corliss Lamont for US Senate. Thaty went nowhere. In the 1954 election, the ALP failed to garner 50,000 votes for any of its candidates and it lost its place on the New York ballot. They ceased to exist shortly thereafter. Maybe they should have got time on 1010 WINS?